After the warp and weft are prepared, the loom is set and the weaver begins by pushing down the harness to separate the two sets of warp threads, leaving space to shoot the The protein fiber of silk is composed mainly of fibroin and is produced by silkworms larvae to form cocoons. The cultivation of domesticated silkworms is, by nature, an inherently sustainable process, but there are ethical issues; the commercial production of silk involves destroying the silkworm before it emerges from its cocoon. Next, silk filaments are unwound, and several strands are reeled together in lengths of 300 to 600 meters, or approximately 984 to 1,968 feet because individual filaments are too fine for commercial production. The threads will be woven at right angles to each other, and the two different angles are called a warp and a weft. August 14, 2018 admin Leave a comment. First, cocoons are stored by color, size, shape and texture. On average, 36,000 worms consume 1 ton of mulberry leaf over their lifetime. 1. Silk twisters: The raw silk still contains the sericin gum. According to Kadolph, Langford, Hollen, and Saddler (1993), China was the only country producing silk for approximately 3,000 years before spreading to other Asian countries. For this, it is need to be exposed to warmth. Measuring cup. Related Products Using spinning wheels, dyed silk skeins are then unwound by hands onto wooden or plastic bobbins to be prepared for warp or weft in the weaving process. A skilled weaver can weave a few inches a day on a very complicated weave. The degumming process leaves silk lustrous and semitransparent, with a smooth surface that does not readily retain soil. It was believed that an ancient Chinese princess was the first to discover the process for manufacturing silk fabric from the filament fiber produced by silkworms. A silkworm stops eating when it is ready to enter the pupal stage and spin the cocoon. A cocoon is a protective case or shell that the silkworm spins around itself. Kusuma Rajaiah, an Indian man, has developed a new technique for producing silk that does not require killing silk worms in the process. Step 5: Spinning. Crinkly fabrics are made with crepe, while sheer cloth is made with single thread. Silk yarns must be washed and degummed by immersing the skeins in large tubs of hot water. Therefore, to obtain silk, the Koya is put into the boiling water, so that the silkworm which is inside it, died there and segregates thread from it. The front of the fabric has shimmery satin weave while the back is flattened crepe, or simply wrinkled woven fabric. Step 2: Thread extraction: Step 3: Dyeing. Silk Production Process in Ancient China. Log in. After they have moulted several times, they spin a cocoon. Weavers open the warp by stepping on pedals, their hands and feet must work in perfect unison to enable the warp and weft yarns to interlace correctly. Ancient literature, however, attributes the popularization of silk to the Chinese Empress Si-Ling, to around 2600 B.C. It is the finest of all natural fibers and one of the strongest. The bulk of the world’s silk needs Bombyx mori silk moth. History of Silk. To make heavier silk, two or more weft yarns are reeled together by hands to make a thicker silk yarn. Farmers raise moths under strict control. Each Thai silk cocoon can give about 700 yards long of filament. spinning reel. In the reeling process, a special wooden device is used to locate the end of the filament, after which it must be carefully unwound, a process that not only requires hard work over a boiling pot, but also practiced skill to keep the threads unbroken. A fast weaver can weave up to a maximum of 9-10 yards a day for a simple plain weave. The protein fiber of silk is composed mainly of fibroin and is produced by silkworms larvae to form cocoons. Silk Making Process Step 1: Raising silkworms and harvesting cocoons. The process of extracting silkworm cocoon out of silk is called reeling. Step 4: Dyeing. Only the filament produced by Bombyx mori, the mulberry silk moth and a few others in the same genus, is used by the commercial silk industry. Spun silk is comprised of broken filaments that have been processed into a yarn. Different methods of twisting are used to get the various types of silk yarn: crepe, organzine, singles, etc. Silk fibers are combined into silk thread.The thread can then be twisted into silk yarn or woven into silk cloth (fabric). Degumming is generally carried out by following treatments: (a) Extraction with water: In this process, silk thread is treated in hot water (100-130°C) for 30 minutes to 4 hours, which can cause degumming of sericin. And then, weave silk by hand loom or power loom. upendrachaudhary777 upendrachaudhary777 7 days ago Science Secondary School +5 pts. In the third month of the lunar calendar which was called “silkworm month” silkworms breeding process started. The warp will ru… The process of making silk is called sericulture, and it involves harvesting silkworms for the material. Finally, the reeled filament will be wound into skeins, which are bundled into bales and shipped to silk mills, and weave them into fabric using hand or power looms at here. In about 10-14 days each of the eggs hatches and produces a larva which is also known as a caterpillar. silkworms on mulberry leaves. Silkworm secretes a protein-like substance through its head to form the cocoon when it ready to become a pupa. Farmers deliver the cocoons to filatures (special factories), and here cocoons are turned into silk threads through a four-step process. Th… … When silkworms are ready to spin, they are inserted into a specially woven circular bamboo scaffolding, which will make the cocoons more uniform in shape and easier to collect. The dyed yarns are then hung in the shade to dry before they can be spun onto bobbins. Second, soften the silk gum holding the cocoon’s filaments together by alternating hot and cold immersions. Young silkworms are fed fresh mulberry leaves several times a day. Silk worm begins life as an egg, and then it becomes a silk worm, pupa and, finally, a moth. RAW SILK. Arun Yarns deal with manufacturing of 100% Mulberry Pure Silk Yarn. The pupal stage is when the larval structures of the silkworm are broken down forming adult structures and the caterpillar gets transformed into a moth. Silk is a natural protein fiber, some forms of which can be woven into textiles.The protein fiber of silk is composed mainly of fibroin and is produced by certain insect larvae to form cocoons. Several Important Silk Types You Need To Know, Where Can I Buy Fabric To Make Bed Sheets, Chang’an-Tianshan Corridor of the Silk Road was designated by UNESCO as a World Heritage Site, How is Silk Made; How to Make Silk; Silk Production Process. Then the sericin or silk gum holding the cocoon's filaments together is softened by alternating hot and cold immersions. SILK-MAKING PROCESS The commercial process of silk making is highly complex and labor intensive. Silk has set the standard in luxury fabrics for several millennia. By 300 AD, women in central and western Asia were using Chinese silk thread with most woven silk fabrics. After the knowledge of making silk spread, women from almost every household raised their own silkworms, and sold the best quality cocoons in the bazaar to make silk cloth. Scale (I have a scale for weighing fiber amounts and a more precise … Silkworms are really not worms, they are the larvae of “bombyx mori” moths. The basic weaving technique uses the same or different colors in the warp and weft threads. dissolved in boiling water in order for individual. The larva begins molting when the head turns darker and may molt about four times after which the body turns sli… Log in. Post rearing of silk worm into cocoons by farmers the cocoons are bought to their near silk cocoon markets and auctioned. c) Reeling the filament : Reeling is the process of unwinding the silk filaments from the cocoon and combining them together to make a thread of raw silk. There are many different ways in which silk can be woven – satin weave, plain weave and open weave are most common, and the finish of the silk will depend on the type of weave. An ounce of silkworm eggs yields about 35,000 worms, during gestation, which lasts approximately three weeks. Ask your question. Acid Dyes (I have a variety of Dharma, Jacquard, and ProChem dyes). STEPS: Sericulture– Cultivation of the silkworm cocoon for their filaments is known as sericulture. It is carried out to impart the lustrous and softness on silk. Legend has it that a Chinese princess was sipping tea in her garden when a cocoon fell into her cup, and the hot tea loosened the long strand of silk. Join now. Step 2: Thread extraction. The cocoons are first sorted by color, size, shape and texture. The silk relers are issued a license and given rights to bid price for the cocoons. As the filament of the cocoon is too fine for commercial use, three to ten strands are usually reeled at a time to produce the desired diameter of raw silk which is known as "reeled silk". The new moths must be moved to another tray so the mess they make while mating and laying eggs doesn’t get all over the hard-earned silk cocoons. The filaments from several cocoons are then reeled together on a wooden spindle into a uniform strand of raw silk. Silk is regularly used to make garments, accessories, home furnishings, tapestries, rugs, despite its high cost. The eggs must stay between 25 and 31 °C, in a tray with high humidity and carefully moved to a “petri dish” (a circular flat bamboo tray) when they hatch. Here, we will show you some silks. When you think of silk, no other country comes to mind than China. Hot water. Designboom has a fascinating pictorial of the traditional silk making process of the craftspeople in a small village in north-east Tailand. Manufacture Process. The female silkworm lays 300-400 eggs and insulates them on the leaves of the mulberry tree. Nevertheless, it is this manual process that gives Thai silk a lustrous sheen and slightly uneven texture that distinguishes it from the sleek machine-woven fabric. Step 3: Dyeing. Production process: Extracting raw silk starts by cultivating the. Crepe de Chine is made by twisting some fibers clockwise and others counterclockwise before weaving, producing a fabric with a pebbly texture and the fabric is lightweight and does not ravel easily like other silks. Even though this was considered to be a legend, the first country to manufacture silk fabric was China. The resulting silk is soft, light and lustrous, and is twisted to produce the strands of silk yarn. Ask your question. Generally, weaving involves interlacing two sets of threads so that they lock around each other and create a strong, uniform piece of fabric. French German Italian Spanish Portuguese (Brazil) Dutch Japanese Korean Arabic Danish Russian Swedish. In this way, Silk is prepared from Silkworm. The final scene, on the left, shows silk being woven. © Thongseng Ltd Partnership All rights reserved. Silkworm is a stage of the silk moth’s life cycle. The process of making Silk. Thai silk is hand-woven because the yarn from the thai silkworms is not strong enough to be machine woven. The Process Of Making Silk - May 21, 2018 - First step: Silk Reeling The silk is extracted from the cocoon and becomes the raw material for the fabric. Step 1: Raising silkworms & harvesting cocoons. Sericulture, also called silk farming, is the process of making silk fibers. This process takes about 2 to3 days. Set the loom after the warp and weft are prepared. The more number of weft yarn reeled together, the heavier the silk fabric becomes. Dye silk thread in a dye bath. Called the Goddess of the Silkworm, Si-Ling apparently raised … The filament begins to unwind, forming an extraordinarily long thread of great strength yet as delicate as a spider’s web. Piles of cocoons are kept under the sun, boiled or exposed to steam. Silk (for this Instructable I used silk noil). Weaving is the process in which the final piece of silk comes together. Silk is a beautifully lustrous fabric made from an animal fiber with the same name. The introduction of silk made a significant impact on these societies. When it comes to silk, most people will think of Charmeuse. Making Silk A moth lays 500 or so eggs and then dies Baby worms hatch from the eggs are fed mulberry leaves for one month until they are fat The worms spin cocoons The cocoons are steamed to kill the growing moth inside The cocoons are rinsed in hot water to … Although some silkworms are allowed to become moths to propagate the species, most of them are harvested in this stage to be used in silk production. The larvae are covered in tiny dark hair. A spatula removes the outside layers of the cocoon, then, having found the end of the single cocoons, the silk thread is rolled on a reel. Answered State the process of making silk 2 State the process of making silk - 22042162 1. Step1: Separation of the silk fibre from the cocoon. The process of silk production is known as sericulture. The term “ply” i.e. Starting with silk worms, which aren't actually worms, and ending with luscious fabric, the photos illustrate the proceedure in 6 steps. How is Silk Made; How to Make Silk; Silk Production Process Silk Worms. Once the dye is ready, the bundles of clean threads are then immersed in the dye bath for several times over many days to achieve the proper color tone and quality. Silkworms are actually domesticated insects, incapable of flight, mate quickly after emerging from their chrysalis, and die a day or so after laying eggs. The people living in the region were the inventors of silk fabric, and no other culture discovered this process independently. To get the billions of cocoons necessary to have a viable silk industry (by some estimates, about 10 … After the worms are completely transformed into cocoons, the cocoons are immersed in hot, almost boiling water, to help soften the thick gum coating and to not damage the continuity of the thread. 2-ply, 4-ply, 6-ply is often used to indicate the weight of Thai silk fabric. This process is divided into several stages but typically starts from cultivating silkworm on mulberry leaves. According to the ancient written sources mulberries were usually planted in deserts, field boundaries, in front of the houses. China silk, also called “plain silk,” is the least expensive of the silks, and is lightweight and shiny. The cruel process of making silk Silk is the fibre that silkworms weave to make their cocoons – outer casings that protect them during the pupal stage. A cocoon can extract about 1000 meters of cocoon silk, and some cocoons and silk will be merged into raw silk. The silk solidifies upon contact with air. After our tour of Suzhou's Grand Canal and one of the smaller side canals, we boarded the tour bus and headed off to a silk factory for a demonstration on the silk-making process. Step 6: Weaving. start pupating in their cocoons, these are. The origins of silk date back to Ancient China. Weaving silk by hand loom is a rather time consuming and require special skill. Dyes are prepared in a dye bath. Although there are many types of silk around the world, only eight types of silk (such as charmeuse, China silk, crepe de Chine, Doupioni, noil, raw silk, shantung and tussah) familiar to western clothiers. It is removed by washing it with soap and boiling water. The third scene shows the process of spooling. Based on quality the rates are determined. Silk is the ultimate natural luxury raw material and fibre. More ply means more thickness and less smoothness. The man seated on a bench in front of a silk-reeling machine picks up several filaments to form a silk thread that is being wound on the reel. long fibres to be extracted and fed into the. Copyright © 2020 PANDA SILK® All Rights Reserved. Join now. shuttle alternately back and forth, sending the wooden shuttle flying from side to side by pulling on a cord while simoultanously beating up the weft yarn. This is where cocoons are turned into silk threads through a four-step process. Spin silk thread by hand on wooden or plastic tubes to be prepared for warp or weft. Most of the cocoons are used in silk making but some of them leave the cocoon as butterflies by secreting liquid onto the silk threads to dissolve them, so they can emerge. Step2: Reeling the silk, which is the process of delicately unwinding the fibre from the cocoon. The history of silk making stretches back 6,000 years, and the earliest example of silk fabric that has been discovered dates from 3,630 BC in Henan. It starts by raising silkworms and then processing the fibers they produce. The warmth causes the silk fibre to separate from the rest of the cocoon. Silkworms increase in length to more than 5 cms within 20-24 days of their feeding time and shed their skin several times in the process. Silk is sometimes—in a process called weighting—treated with a finishing substance, such as metallic salts, to increase weight, add density, and improve draping quality. It is a safer process with minimum degradation to the silk fibre. After this process, there is also a bleaching and drying process before the threads are good for hanging out to dry the beautiful color variations of the yarn, ready for spinning onto bobbins. PROCESSING. [Note: … You can also collect the cocoons of wild silkworms, but this is less common. Once the worms. It simply means the number of threads used for the weft when weaving silk fabric. Larvae are fed mulberry leaves. Silk production is nothing but one out of the several stages through which the silkworm goes through during its life cycle, finally unraveling the most desired and loved silk thread out of a cocoon. However, this fabric tears easily.