Guided by the knowledge of folklore use of plants for different medicinal purposes, specifically, the roots of Acanthus ilicifolius and the leaves of Lumnitzera racemosa were collected from this region during the month of April-May 2013. It is found on the eastern coast of Africa and other places in the western Indo-Pacific region.. leaves, from southeast coast of India / Tanvira Paul, Seenivasan Ramasubbu / Journal of Applied Pharmaceutical Science, March 2017; 7(03): pp 081-087 / DOI: 10.7324/JAPS.2017.70313 (18) Lumnitzera is named for Stephen Lumnitzer (1750-1806), a physician who published Flora Posiensis in 1791. In its original locations, the wood, due to its resistance and duration, is utilized as structural material in constructions, as sleepers, fences, boats, etc. It is often found on small sandy ridges in mixed stands of mangroves. ���ɣ���~t�����K7����B�e�=x�����hE���TiA�h(P�z+���&1b�o���>��a �)7@�;V���Y��mv��UDZ�U&��7�y|���V��z����/� �V-�!�*F�Á�NĘ�O�as 1 Anjaneyulu, A.S., Murthy, Y.L., Rao, V.L. Giesen, Wim and Stephan Wulffraat, Max Zieren and Liesbeth Scholten. For more multimedia, look at Lumnitzera racemosa on Wikimedia Commons. (1803) is a much ramified shrub or evergreen tree, up to 8 m tall, even if, usually, it keeps lower, around the 2-4 m, with grey or reddish brown bark in the young branches, tending to blacken and to fissure with the age. agallocha, Lumnitzera racemosa, Rhizophora apicu/ata, R. mucronata are common to all the mangroves of India. This Asian mangrove escaped from cultivation at Fairchild Tropical Botanic Garden. ... Lumnitzera racemosa - Burevi. Air-roots are few in number. Media in category "Lumnitzera racemosa" The following 41 files are in this category, out of 41 total. Exell suggests in his description that Lumnitzera racemosa lacks pneu-matophores and so differs from L. littorea , but in our experience L. race-mosa can develop the characteristic looped aerial roots (pneumatophores) that are more common in L. littorea , the form and degree of development %PDF-1.5 Lumnitzera racemosa on the NParks Flora and Fauna website: photos and fact sheet. Lumnitzera racemosa je menší, stálezelený strom nebo keř, jeden ze dvou druhů rodu Lumnitzera, který je běžnou dřevinou v bahnitých či písčitých sedimentech tropických mangrovových houštin. leaves. The Lumnitzera racemosa Willd. On the other hand, species such as Pemphis addu/a is endemic to islands of Gulf of Mannar of Tamil Nadu, Scyphiphora hydrophyllacea to Godavari mangroves of Andhra Pradesh. ... Lumnitzera racemosa is an evergreen shrub or small tree growing up to 8 metres tall. 4 0 obj Description. (1841); Pokornya ettingshausenii Montr. endobj <> (1828); Laguncularia rosea Gaudich. Distribution Lumnitzera is an Asian genus, with species occuring from eastern Africa to the Western Pacific. (1830); Petaloma alternifolia Roxb. Lumnitzera, named after the German botanist, Stephan Lumnitzer (1750-1806), occurs in mangroves from East Africa to the Western Pacific (including Fiji and Tonga), and northern Australia. Sebagai catatan, umumnya beberapa jenis mangrove mempunyai satu atau lebih tipe akar, seperti Xylocarpus moluccensis. Lumnitzera racemosa, which is also known as Teruntum Puteh. COMBRETACEAE Common name: Black mangrove Dhivehi name: Burevi ... roots loop from branches and stems and provide support to trees. 1 0 obj A Guide to the Mangroves of Singapore I (Plant Diversity). Nomenclature and Classification > Taxon Record Name > Scientific Name. Lumnitzera racemosa Willd. (1818); Problastes cuneifolia Reinw. Locally, in several northern sites. Introduction The Ecosystem Abiotic Biotic Value Intro Products Indirect uses Potential uses About Mangroves in Singapore History Mangroves to visit Conservation : <> Lumnitzera racemosa Family Combretaceae Eastern Africa to Southeast Asia, Australia, Polynesia. Teruntum bunga puteh (Lumnitzera racemosa) Ng, Peter K. L. & N. Sivasothi, 1999. C.Presl. Silt roots: In some mangrove species, roots diverge from stems and branches and penetrate the soil some distance away from the main stem as in the case of banyan trees. The website also provides access to a database and images of herbarium specimens found at the University of South Florida and other herbaria. zY�, �oG�;�XqijV���{����h Lumnitzera racemosa in the Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN), U.S. Department of Agriculture Agricultural Research Service. Singapore Science Centre. Buttresses or buttress roots (laterally or vertically compressed and flattened plank like roots near the trunk) are seen in Heritiera littorea and Xylocarpus granatum . Leaves spatula shaped with oval ends (2-8cm), thick and fleshy, arranged in a spiral. Additional Sources and Suggested Readings (1) Antihypertensive Activity of Corilagin and Chebulinic Acid, Tannins from Lumnitzera racemosa / Ta-Chen Lin et al / J. Nat. Lumnitzera racemosa) were collected from Pichavaram mangrove in the state of Tamil Nadu, India. Lumnitzera racemosa Willd. (1803) is a much ramified shrub or evergreen tree, up to 8 m tall, even if, usually, it keeps lower, around the 2-4 m, with grey or reddish brown bark in the young branches, tending to blacken and to fissure with the age. The Atlas of Florida Plants provides a source of information for the distribution of plants within the state and taxonomic information. Beriya (in Sinhala) (5927425660).jpg 4,000 × 3,000; 5.64 MB As a matter of fact, introduced in 1960 in a botanical garden of southern Florida for ornamental purposes, has escaped from the cultivation and is quickly spreading and naturalizing among the local mangroves. 2 0 obj Lumnitzera is an Indo-West Pacific mangrove genus in the family Combretaceae. Lumnitzera rosea (Gaudich.) ... As Lumnitzera racemosa racemosa (Includes a picture). Common names: “black mangrove” (English); seen the ample range of the plant, there is a huge quantity of common names in the various languages and local dialects. Demikian informasi mengenai tujuh jenis tipe akar mangrove untuk membantu Anda dalam mengenali dan mengidentifikasi jenis mangrove di sekitar Anda. The inflorescences grow in short spikes in the axils of the leaves or at the tips of the shoots. (Kulasi, White-flowered mangrove) Posted on December 13, 2019 / 260. (1825); Bruguiera madagascariensis DC. Simple curved roots (simple roots emerging above the soil surface and curving down below without forming thickened knees) are seen in Lumnitzera littorea and L. racemosa. Print; ... Kulasi is a tree reaching a height of 18 meters, flowering when 1 meter high or less. �njW>6��;��-V�J���_�/Bl^|#���e��G���W[��U^�� ݨQ��G� 1.b. Mangroves are a diverse group of ∼70 tree species that grow in saline, tidal wetlands on tropical and subtropical coastlines (Table 1). The antioxidant, anticancer and anticoagulant activities of Acanthus ilicifolius L. roots and Lumnitzera racemosa Willd. An English common name is black mangrove. Bioassay-guided fractionation of the methanolic extracts led to the identification of thirty-six compounds (1–36), their structures were elucidated using detailed NMR spectroscopic and MS analysis. Vernacular names . 2007. 3 0 obj 1803. The fruits are ovoid drupes slightly flattened laterally, fibrous, of blackish brown colour when ripe, 1-2 cm long and 6-8 mm broad, containing only one ovoid seed; the fruits can float and this facilitates their dispersion by means of the water. What is mangrove? It does not have pneumatophore roots (roots emerging from the water or the mud, which allow the flux of oxygen to the submerged organs), as is the case of other plants of mangroves, but, at times, in the most humid areas, in the lowest part of the stem develop aerial roots which penetrate the soil and form true and proper counterforts contributing to the support of the plant. Family: Combreatceae. Lumnitzera littorea Family Combretaceae updated Jan 2013. 168 pp. �?��"缜�e�K99�}���\�Ϸϟ�v4��59���������_O^��~u�Z����:oy Where seen? Mangroves tolerate a wide range of soil salinity (Lugo and Snedaker, 1974; Odum et al., 1982; Hutchings and Saenger, 1987). Lumnitzera racemosa trunk = 0.0546 (dbh)2.244 and root= 0.0624 (dbh)2.063 . 1.a. x��=�r�8���?�i�ܲ Ar�V�8�\2gn�xvf�A�|�F����L��_��Ɲ )ɢrvk�ЍF����^�>��WӋ��o{q�ZM/n.g��^�����������L����j~�|�r����ɫ���^|�&��E99�z��M The genus is honoured to the Hungarian botanist István Lumnitzer (1750-1806); the name of the species is the Latin word “racemosa” = arranged in clusters, with reference to the shape of the inflorescence. endobj <>>> Other sources of information about Lumnitzera racemosa: Thammada Press Co.,Ltd., Bangkok, Thailand. (������~"�� 4:iƩD��&;�)�e�(Lٟ�ש��� =�"ۢL+���C�ms&���{�97z�[FTd!B/�x}��W���=V�N&�_�����#�Z�u�r�XkE޶a�ߏz˼ V����;Zˆ4�g�cj�O/�?�H�n��{|�:�:/,�*j �s'XT�����-�JK'QB*��J�~�!����V�#`Ѩ�_vR����oGˋ�JfAV��P,M5���$�K9����k��y݄#lT@�(8�a�������&$˫&�~��L^��*͏�߾����Փ�{"��Q#���T}��I�M�| +���Jt�j�X1��[�X�Kz�u#�g'(e�. This study performed phytochemical and bioactive assessments of the mangrove Lumnitzera racemosa Willd. Petaloma alba Blanco. Synonyms: Funckia karakandel Dennst. In Queensland, it is a mangrove of the upper tidal limits and occurs at the landward fringe of the community often in association with the grey mangrove (Avicennia marina), the white-flowered black mangrove (Lumnitzera racemosa), and the river mangrove (Aegiceras corniculatum). Species Overview. It has simple, pale green, alternate and succulent leaves, grouped at the extremities of the branches, 4-7 cm long and 1-3 cm broad, obovate, oblanceolate or spatulate, with corrugated edges and rounded extremity with a small notch at the apex (“emarginated” leaf). Accessed on 09-Oct-10. ex Span. Buttresses or buttress roots (laterally or vertically compressed and flattened plank like roots near the trunk) are seen in Heritiera littorea and Xylocarpus granatum . �e�b�� Pokornya ettingshausenii Montr. Teruntum bunga puteh Lumnitzera racemosa Ultrafiltration of salt and knee roots as adaptations to the mangroves. Title Flora of China Publication Author Lumnitzera racemosa Willd., Neue Schriften Ges. The present study was designed to evaluate and determine the phytochemical composition, antioxidant, anticancer and anticoagulant activities of the aqueous extracts of Acanthus ilicifolius roots and Lumnitzera racemosa leaves from Pichavaram mangrove forest, Tamil Nadu, India based on folklore knowledge. Lumnitzera racemosa Willd. The flowers are small and white, and are followed by woody, flattened fruits containing a single seed. Lumnitzera racemosa is a small to medium-sized evergreen tree, growing to a maximum height of 37 m (121 ft). stream "Lumnitzera racemosa often occurs as scattered sparse shrubs along upland mangrove margins." Lumnitzera racemosa. 1803. pronounced: lum-NITZ-uh-ruh rass-ee-MOH-suh (Combretaceae — the false almond family)common name: white-flowered black mangrove. ex Span. ; moreover, it is excellent firewood. Inflorescences axillary spikes up to 2 cm long. Bark is brown or reddish, smooth and sometimes scaly. It develops pneumatophores and often has stilt roots. It develops pneumatophores and often has stilt roots. <>/XObject<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text/ImageB/ImageC/ImageI] >>/Annots[ 30 0 R] /MediaBox[ 0 0 612 792] /Contents 4 0 R/Group<>/Tabs/S/StructParents 0>> #Combretaceae The Lumnitzera racemosa Willd. Další druh Lumnitzera littorea má podobnou morfologii i nároky na prostředí, na prvý pohled se však odlišuje červeně zbarvenými květy a nižším vzrůstem. Some may have slender knee roots. �GˌUG�g�UG��$k�~��eք���xW�z�����i�C��*oXX�= l�. → To appreciate the biodiversity within COMBRETACEAE family please click here. Abstract. Lumnitzera racemosa, commonly known as the white-flowered black mangrove, is a species of mangrove in the family Combretaceae. Leaves spirally arranged, subsessile, obovate to narrowly elliptic, 2-9 cm long, fleshy, hairless. 2006. Selvam, V. Trees and Shrubs of the Maldives. FAO Regional Office for Asia and the Pacific. Roots radiating on the surface or sometimes looping in and out of the soil. Petaloma albiflora Zipp. The bole can be up to 30cm in diameter[266. Lumnitzera racemosa is a small to medium-sized evergreen tree, growing to a maximum height of 37 m (121 ft). "In wetter places, L. racemosa often form diminutive forests of slender trees…" 5.01 1. Lumnitzera racemosa is a non-viviparous evergreen mangrove tree species. © MONACO NATURE ENCYCLOPEDIA | All rights reserved. These stilt roots also function as above-ground breathing roots. This book describes the flora of Bratislava, the capital of Slovenkia, and its wider precincts, listing 1574 species. ... L. littorea and L. racemosa practically exclude each other in habitat and have never been collected in exactly the same stand. endobj Kripa, black mangrove. %���� C. Presl (1833); Petaloma alba Blanco (1837); Petaloma albiflora Zipp. Leaves are single, opposite, leathery, broadly elliptic to oblong- The plant The leaves are arranged spirally at the tips of the shoots; they are simple and obovate, with slightly toothed margins. Flowering class: Dicot Habit: Shrub to Small Tree. Nonnative to Florida FISC Category 1 Invasive. It has also some utilization in the traditional medicine, thanks also to its high contents of tannins (about the 19%) of its bark. (1860). These allometric relationships are required to estimate the amount of carbon accumulated in the plants of these mangrove species and thus the carbon assimilation capacity of the … Simple curved roots (simple roots emerging above the soil surface and curving down below without forming thickened knees) are seen in Lumnitzera littorea and L. racemosa. Inilah tipe Tanpa Akar Udara jenis mangrove Lumnitzera racemosa. The inflorescences are axillar, long up to about 6 cm, usually carrying few hermaphrodite, perfumed flowers, with an about 1 cm long coralline tube, corolla with 5 petals each 5 mm long and of white colour and 5-10 stamina as long as the petals or little more. Because of their appearance and because they provide the main physical support to these they are called as stilt roots. Arkivoc, 3, 25-30. Similarly, Nypa jruticans has been reported to be present Lumnitzera racemosa Willd. Petaloma alternifolia Roxb. English: Tonga Mangrove. It is a massive bloomer from mid-July to mid-August. In Kenya, Lumnitzera racemosa grows on the terrestrial edge of the mangroves as a shrub more commonly than as a tree. While salinity has long been recognized as an important factor that limits mangrove growth and productivity (Clough and Sim, 1989; Lin and Sternberg, 1992; Ball, 2002) mangroves are nonetheless highly adapted to salt concentrations in soils that exceed … ( However, "black mangrove may also refer to the unrelated genus Avicennia.) Among the mangroves, it is one of the plants which better tolerate the highest rate of salinity in the soil, up to the 90 per mill after some researchers, but it stands also among the few bearing conditions of dry soil and therefore is capable to diffuse in environments differing from the typical ones of the mangroves; this versatility makes it a potential infester in the tropical and subtropical areas.