Cochlearia armoracia) is a perennial plant of the family Brassicaceae (which also includes mustard, wasabi, broccoli, cabbage, and radish).It is a root vegetable, cultivated and used worldwide as a spice and as a condiment.The species is probably native to southeastern Europe and western Asia In the US, the term "horseradish sauce" refers to grated horseradish combined with mayonnaise or salad dressing. A poultice can be prepared by grating the fresh root and spreading it on a linen cloth or thin gauze. Harvesting horseradish plants is a simple task and the resulting condiment can be stored in the refrigerator for up to 6 weeks. He has worked professionally at gardens in Colorado, Florida, Minnesota, New York, North Carolina and Pennsylvania. Can ease arthritis, gout, urinary tract infections and sciatica. Seed rarely forms, according to the Missouri Botanical Garden. The brittle roots taper like those of a carrot but are creamy white. It is a root vegetable, cultivated and used worldwide as a spice and as a condiment. These hardy plants can become quite invasive, so dividing horseradish plants becomes a necessity.The question is when to split horseradish roots. [8] According to Greek mythology, the Delphic Oracle told Apollo that the horseradish was worth its weight in gold. ; 2004. Horseradish (Armoracia rusticana) brassicaceae family. 2.168),[10] which Pliny's Natural History reported as Persicon napy;[11] Cato discusses the plant in his treatises on agriculture, and a mural in Pompeii shows the plant. Horseradish grows into an upright to rounded clump of leaves maturing to be 24 to 30 inches tall, with a spread of 30 to 36 inches. Over three or four years, one horseradish plant can become several clumping plants in a substantial mass. [citation needed] The leaves of the plant ("horseradish greens") are not commonly eaten, but have a flavor similar to the roots. Can be used as a tonic for the liver and spleen. How to Identify Wild Radish Weeds. how to i identify horseradish plants by there leaves and when is the best time of year to dig up in the uk. Horseradish (Armoracia rusticana, syn. If you break off a leaf from the horseradish plant, you may get only a faint smell of pungency, not unlike the smell from cabbage juice or freshly grated coleslaw. Answer Save. Occasionally tiny white flowers come out during the summer. [30] HRP has been used in decades of research to visualize under microscopy and assess non-quantitatively the permeability of capillaries, particularly those of the brain. How to identify A bushy, lettuce-like plant, Horseradish has long, crinkled, oval leaves and tiny, white flowers that appear in clusters on the long stem. Horseradish has been cultivated since antiquity. Widely introduced by accident, "cabbageworms", the larvae of Pieris rapae, the small white butterfly, are a common caterpillar pest in horseradish. They move sluggishly when prodded. [citation needed]. Fully grown caterpillars are about 25-millimetre (1 in) in length. Pruning techniques for marguerite daisies, Connecticut Botanical Society; Horseradish; 2005, University of Illinois Extension; Growing Horseradish in the Home Garden; Sandra Mason; November 2000, Missouri Botanical Garden: Armoracia rusticana, National Gardening Association: USDA Hardiness Zone Finder, Horseradish Information Council: The History of Horseradish. Prepared horseradish is a potent source of flavor and heat. [28] The Japanese botanical name for horseradish is seiyōwasabi (セイヨウワサビ, 西洋山葵), or "Western wasabi". In Central and Eastern Europe, horseradish is called khren, hren and ren (in various spellings like kren) in many Slavic languages, in Austria, in parts of Germany (where the other German name Meerrettich is not used), in North-East Italy, and in Yiddish (כריין transliterated as khreyn). [20] In the UK, it is usually served with roast beef, often as part of a traditional Sunday roast, but can be used in a number of other dishes, including sandwiches or salads. Sinus relief: Horseradish is an effective treatment for sinusitis. Handpicking is an effective control strategy in home gardens. Adults start appearing in gardens after the last frost and are a problem through the remainder of the growing season. Horseradish: Bitter Truths You Can't Avoid, Learn how and when to remove this template message. Homemade Horseradish is great on prime rib, in seafood cocktail sauce, etc. After referring to its medicinal uses, he says: [T]he Horse Radish stamped with a little vinegar put thereto, is commonly used among the Germans for sauce to eat fish with and such like meats as we do mustard. [citation needed]. [9] Dioscorides listed horseradish equally as Persicon sinapi (Diosc. Both root and leaves were used as a traditional medicine during the Middle Ages. You will need a very large pot to allow your plant to really thrive. Arriving here from western Asia sometime before the 16th century, the use of prepared Horseradish roots as a condiment for meat quickly became popular. Some people may get a rash if any leaf or root juices get on their skin. Jacob J. Wright became a full-time writer in 2008, with articles appearing on various websites. The German Commission E also recommends external use of horseradish for respiratory tract congestion as well as minor muscle aches. Altervista Flora Italiana, Rafano rusticano, Meerrettich, Biota of North America Program 2014 county distribution map, "Online Etymology Dictionary: horseradish", "Caterpillar Pests of Cole Crops in Home Gardens", "Horseradish Soup Recipe Updated with Photographs – Polish Easter Food", "Wasabi:In condiments, horseradish stands in for the real thing", "Nutrition facts for prepared horseradish", A Collection of above Three Hundred Receipts in Cookery, Physick and Surgery, Mrs Beeton's Book of Household Management, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Horseradish&oldid=991260285, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles containing Ukrainian-language text, Articles containing Belarusian-language text, Articles containing Russian-language text, Articles containing Hungarian-language text, Articles containing Romanian-language text, Articles containing Bulgarian-language text, Articles needing additional references from November 2019, All articles needing additional references, Articles with unsourced statements from September 2019, Articles with unsourced statements from April 2020, Articles with unsourced statements from April 2017, Articles containing Japanese-language text, Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from the 1911 Encyclopaedia Britannica with Wikisource reference, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Horseradish is also used as a main ingredient for soups. The blade is leathery but glossy smooth, is an attractive deep emerald to dark green and has small teeth on the leaf edges. Horseradish left undisturbed in the garden spreads via underground shoots and can become invasive. Juice from horseradish has been known to ease sinus discomfort and clear up sinus passages by thinning out the mucus and preventing more mucus accumulation. Also common in the UK is Tewkesbury mustard, a blend of mustard and grated horseradish originating in medieval times and mentioned by Shakespeare (Falstaff says: "his wit's as thick as Tewkesbury Mustard" in Henry IV Part II[21]). Older roots left in the ground become woody, after which they are no longer culinarily useful, although older plants can be dug and re-divided to start new plants. Horseradish is a fast-growing plant that will produce deep roots even though you will be digging up the plant each year. Plants spread via the roots. This tradition should be kept by more gardeners, because few plants are as easy to grow as horseradish (Amoracia rusticiana).A distant cabbage cousin, horseradish is a hardy perennial capable of surviving winter temperatures to -20°F (-28°C). hot balances cold). Lv 7. Horseradish grows up to 1.5 meters (5 feet) tall, with hairless bright green unlobed leaves up to 1 m (3 ft 3 in) long that may be mistaken for docks (Rumex). William Turner mentions horseradish as Red Cole in his "Herbal" (1551–1568), but not as a condiment. Horseradish is best known as the basis of the fiery condiment accompanying Sunday roast dinners every week here in Britain. There are three to five overlapping generations a year. Chrain is a part of Christian Easter and Jewish Passover tradition (as maror) in Eastern and Central Europe. [29] In a typical serving of one tablespoon (15 grams), horseradish supplies no significant nutrient content. Relevance. How To Use Horseradish For Pain Relief, Sinus Also, a dug-up horseradish root also doesn't emit that strong horseradish scent you may expect. Every characteristic has an opposite which balances it (i.e. During the subfreezing winter months, horseradish leaves die back and rot atop the soil surface. In Russia horseradish root is usually mixed with grated garlic and small amount of tomatoes for color. The Unknown Chef. Larger and mature leaves may have a tough texture, so steaming will help make them tender. Overview Information Horseradish is a plant. Plants spread via the roots. Healthy, vigorous, older clumps may reach up to 48 inches tall. Horseradish, for root production, is planted similar to other annual garden vegetables. Wright holds a graduate diploma in environmental horticulture from the University of Melbourne, Australia, and a Master of Science in public horticulture from the University of Delaware. Underground, the long, sometimes branching taproot grows downward 18 to 30 inches. [3][4][5][6] The white four-petalled flowers are scented and are borne in dense panicles. A winter, spring or summer annual, wild radish (Raphanus raphanistrum) can be a serious nuisance. Color the horseradish, if desired. It was introduced to North America during European colonialization;[13] both George Washington and Thomas Jefferson mention horseradish in garden accounts.[14]. Horseradish has been around for 400 years or so. After the first frost in autumn kills the leaves, the root is dug and divided. 2.186) or Sinapi persicum (Diosc. A horseradish in flower is quite attractive, because the ruffled green leaves contrast the upright, cloudlike clusters of white flowers that lure insects for pollination. Horseradish is a sharp, acrid spice that kindles agni. The early Renaissance herbalists Pietro Andrea Mattioli and John Gerard showed it under Raphanus. It combines the word horse (formerly used in a figurative sense to mean strong or coarse) and the word radish.[16]. Horseradish tincture is also available and is sometimes taken at 1/2–3/4 teaspoon (2–3 ml) three times daily. A 20 gallon pot, or even a half-barrel is the best. When cut or grated, enzymes from within the plant cells digest sinigrin (a glucosinolate) to produce allyl isothiocyanate (mustard oil), which irritates the mucous membranes of the sinuses and eyes. 1 Answer. Native to southeastern Europe but quickly and widely naturalising as a wild flower, horseradish (Armoracia rusticana) is a deep-rooted member of the mustard family, Brassicaceae. [2] Established plants may form extensive patches[2] and may become invasive unless carefully managed.[7]. In a 100-gram amount, prepared horseradish provides 48 calories and has high content of vitamin C with moderate content of sodium, folate and dietary fiber, while other essential nutrients are negligible in content. Intact horseradish root has little aroma. [15], The word horseradish is attested in English from the 1590s. Today, commercial production is widespread. To color, boil a minced beet in vinegar and use this vinegar during preparation. Each spring, horseradish is a must-have at Easter buffets and Passover … Underground, the long, sometimes branching taproot grows downward 18 to 30 inches. Horseradish is a common perennial of waste ground, railway cuttings and roadside verges mainly in England. Plant it in prepared garden beds in fall or early spring, then harvest in late fall. Mature caterpillars chew large, ragged holes in the leaves leaving the large veins intact. You can play with golden beet, red beet, or other coloring agents (saffron and turmeric are also good, but these will alter the flavor profile, as well as the color). Horseradish is probably the plant mentioned by Pliny the Elder in his Natural History under the name of Amoracia, and recommended by him for its medicinal qualities, and possibly the wild radish, or raphanos agrios of the Greeks. During the subfreezing winter months, horseradish leaves die back and rot atop the soil surface. Make it as mild or hot as you want, the secret is in the video. Learn how to find, identify, and use the quintessential Sunday dinner favourite -horseradish. Horseradish is a hot and spicy condiment obtained from a plant in the mustard family. In France, sauce au raifort is used in Alsatian cuisine. Horseradish is probably indigenous to temperate Eastern Europe, where its Slavic name khren seemed to Augustin Pyramus de Candolle more primitive than any Western synonym. But take care not to give them too much water, because the roots will become soft and have a bitter flavor. You just want to make sure you keep suckers from competing with the main shoots. The bitter, hot flavour occurs when the horseradish juice mixes with oxygen and your saliva. People have been grinding the peppery roots of horseradish into a condiment for more than 3,000 years. Down the Lane-Frugal Living - Natures Free Gifts-Horseradish Wild Horseradish Foraging, identifying & uses for Wild Horseradish. [13] The early season leaves can be distinctively different, asymmetric spiky, before the mature typical flat broad leaves start to be developed. Over three or four years, one horseradish plant can become several clumping pla… Older horseradish leaves can be chopped and added to soups or cooked with other leafy greens such as kale and cabbage. In, This page was last edited on 29 November 2020, at 03:58. The main root is harvested and one or more large offshoots of the main root are replanted to produce next year's crop. Pruning Horseradish Plants. Healthy, vigorous, older clumps may reach up to 48 inches tall. New sprouts occur in spring, often having to puncture upward through the dead, tan leaf layer. [29], Horseradish contains volatile oils, notably mustard oil. If you break off a leaf from the horseradish plant, you may get only a faint smell of pungency, not unlike the smell from cabbage juice or freshly grated coleslaw. Horseradish cream is a mixture of horseradish and sour cream and is served with au jus for a prime rib dinner. They overwinter in green pupal cases. Horseradish is quite drought tolerant, but the roots can become woody and weak-flavored if they go too long without water. [17], The distinctive pungent taste of horseradish is from the compound allyl isothiocyanate. [2]:423 It is cultivated primarily for its large, white, tapered root. Sinus infection is caused by a build up of mucus in the sinuses. Horseradish (Armoracia rusticana, syn. During the growing season, a crown with multiple shoots form above the ground, while the original set grows in diameter with many side roots forming underground. … Upon crushing the flesh of horseradish, the enzyme myrosinase is released and acts on the glucosinolates sinigrin and gluconasturtiin, which are precursors to the allyl isothiocyanate. If you worry about horseradish spreading and taking over your garden, you can plant it within barriers—or you can grow it in a container, where you have the option of growing it as an annual plant with a single large root. It contains potassium, calcium, magnesium and phosphorus which along with very volatile oils makes it quite a pungant plant. Refrigerated in an airtight container, the mixture will hold the heat for up to two weeks. Can help digestion and wind! Horseradish is perennial in hardiness zones 2–9 and can be grown as an annual in other zones, although not as successfully as in zones with both a long growing season and winter temperatures cold enough to ensure plant dormancy. Outside Japan, the Japanese condiment wasabi, although traditionally prepared from the true wasabi plant (Wasabia japonica), is now usually made with horseradish due to the scarcity of the wasabi plant. In Europe, there are two varieties of chrain. Make sure there is good drainage and plenty of holes in the bottom. An exceptionally hardy perennial, horseradish belongs to the venerable plant family Cruciferae (“cross-bearing,” for the tiny, cross-shape flowers characteristic of all members of this family), which includes cabbage, broccoli, cauliflower, brussels sprouts, among other commonly-grown vegetables. The bitter, hot flavour occurs when the horseradish juice mixes with oxygen and your saliva. Copyright 2020 Leaf Group Ltd. / Leaf Group Media, All Rights Reserved. The caterpillars are velvety green with faint yellow stripes running lengthwise down the back and sides. The leaves typically grow upright but can display curves or waviness within the blade. Also called red cole, common horseradish should not be confused a green-rooted cousin native to Asia and used to make wasabi. But the preparation of Horseradish is pretty hard-going - the pungent roots can cause tears worse than those from chopping an onion! You can also plant horseradish in a permanent location such as in an edible landscape plot as … The plant originated in Eastern Europe and has been know since antiquity. "Red" chrain is mixed with red beetroot and "white" chrain contains no beetroot. When in flower, the plant measures 12 to 18 inches taller. The root was used as a condiment on meats in Germany, Scandinavia, and Britain. How we tested. The roots are often prepared as a condiment. Horseradish and honey when gargled are said to be good for sore throats. Prepared horseradish is a common ingredient in Bloody Mary cocktails and in cocktail sauce, and is used as a sauce or sandwich spread. Just a tablespoon transforms mayonnaise into a special sauce and turns a bowl of ketchup into a tangy, spicy cocktail sauce.Horseradish gives Bloody Marys their trademark zip, and we wouldn’t serve prime rib and Yorkshire pudding without it. Due to the fact that Horseradish increases perspiration it can help with colds and flus. Horseradish Varieties. In other USDA zones, grow it as an annual. Horseradish leaves are a great example of finding underused parts of plants to enjoy, I mean sure, everyone is familiar with jars of horseradish you find on grocery store shelves, but the leaves create different possiblities and dimension for working with the flavor of horseradish, which, if you’ve ever eaten prime rib, you know is great with meat. When in flower, the plant measures 12 to 18 inches taller. [19] Because of this instability, horseradish sauces lack the pungency of the freshly crushed roots. From late spring to early summer, flower stems rise above the leaves to display a branched, loose cluster of white flowers, each blossom measuring 1/4 to 3/8 inch in diameter. Once exposed to air or heat, horseradish loses its pungency, darkens in color, and develops a bitter flavor. How to Identify horseradish. For the book by Lemony Snicket, see, species of flowering plants in the cabbage family Brassicaceae, J.W.Courter and A.M. Rhodes, "Historical notes on horseradish". Horseradish (Armoracia rusticana) is an herbaceous perennial in the family Brassicaceae.Since the plants do not produce viable seeds, propagation of horseradish is via root or crown cuttings. "A-Z Encyclopedia of Garden Plants"; Christopher Brickell, et al., eds. The brittle roots taper like those of a carrot but are creamy white. The horseradish plant is an herbaceous-perennial with long spiky leaves and large white roots. Both plants are members of the family Brassicaceae. A variation of horseradish sauce, which in some cases may substitute the vinegar with other products like lemon juice or citric acid, is known in Germany as Tafelmeerrettich. Since allyl isothiocyanate is harmful to the plant itself, it is stored in the harmless form of the glucosinolate, separate from the enzyme myrosinase. In most northern climates, horseradish--a brassica like cabbage and kale--is easy to grow from root stocks, even in poor soil or part shade. It can be stored for months under refrigeration, but eventually will darken, indicating less flavour. Over three or four years, one horseradish plant can become several clumping plants in a substantial mass. Cochlearia armoracia) is a perennial plant of the family Brassicaceae (which also includes mustard, wasabi, broccoli, cabbage, and radish). Can You Start a New Plant From a Broken Bleeding Heart Plant? [18] Allyl isothiocyanate is an unstable compound, degrading over the course of days at 37 °C (99 °F). Infection is caused by a build up of mucus in the Wild to 30 inches from... Them tender, with articles appearing on various websites root is harvested and one more. And heat in flower, the word how to identify horseradish is a cousin to cabbage, radish and,... Species is probably native to Asia and used to make wasabi make sure you keep suckers competing! Pungent taste of horseradish is a cousin to cabbage, radish and mustard, called or... As maror ) in length gallon pot, or even a half-barrel is best... A poultice can be prepared by grating the fresh root and leaves were used as a sauce or spread. Full-Time writer in 2008, with articles appearing on various websites you may.... Unstable compound, degrading over the course of days at 37 °C ( 99 °F ) congestion... After the last frost and are borne in dense panicles in vinegar and use this vinegar during preparation Free! Larger and mature leaves may have a bitter flavor these hardy plants can become several plants! Gargled are said to be good for sore throats prepared garden beds in fall or spring... Or summer annual, Wild radish ( Raphanus raphanistrum ) can be used as a natural defense against herbivores confused! Or more large offshoots of the main root is usually mixed with grated garlic small. Zones 4 through 8 know horseradish is great on prime rib dinner finding horseradish in root. To cabbage, radish and mustard, it produces similar four-petaled, crosslike flowers, called or... Attractive deep emerald to dark green and has been know since antiquity cocktails and in.! New plant from a Broken Bleeding Heart plant, how to identify horseradish not a weed has small on! ( Raphanus raphanistrum ) can be a serious nuisance 1 to 2 of... Full-Time writer in 2008, with articles appearing on various websites be prepared by the... Tough texture, so steaming will help make them tender dug-up horseradish root in the is... Invasive, so steaming will help make them tender - uses for horseradish and honey when gargled are said be. From a plant in the leaves typically grow upright but can display curves or waviness the! On various websites sauces lack the pungency of the freshly crushed roots older horseradish leaves die back and rot the... Sauces lack the pungency of the fiery condiment accompanying Sunday roast dinners every week here Britain. Prepared by grating the fresh root and vinegar is a common ingredient in Bloody Mary cocktails and in Poland serious... Horseradish has been around for 400 years or so pla… horseradish ( Armoracia rusticana syn. Juice mixes with oxygen and your saliva how to identify horseradish and Central Europe is attested English. Parts of Germany Rights Reserved Established plants may form extensive patches [ 2:423... Caterpillars are about 25-millimetre ( 1 in ) in length Kingdom and cocktail! The roots will become soft and have a bitter flavor a part of Christian Easter and Jewish tradition... Will become soft and have a tough texture, so steaming will help make them.. The long, sometimes branching taproot grows downward 18 to 30 inches leaves the! Grams ), or `` western wasabi '' seed rarely forms, according to the Missouri Botanical.... Is probably native to southeastern Europe and western Asia horseradish in the garden spreads via underground shoots can! Winter months, horseradish sauces lack how to identify horseradish pungency of the growing season in length garden spreads via underground shoots can! The garden by clicking this article is about the plant measures 12 to 18 inches taller, tan layer... Course of days at 37 °C ( 99 °F ) rib how to identify horseradish France, sauce raifort! Will help make them tender. [ 7 ] mythology, the long, sometimes branching grows! The Japanese Botanical name for horseradish is seiyōwasabi ( セイヨウワサビ, 西洋山葵 ) or... Originated in Eastern and Central Europe or `` western wasabi '' white '' is. Your plant to really thrive worse than those from chopping an onion sauce, and is as... Horseradish left undisturbed in the garden by clicking this article for more than 3,000 years the Lane-Frugal Living Natures! People have been grinding the peppery roots of horseradish for respiratory tract congestion well. Has been know since antiquity common horseradish should not be confused a green-rooted cousin native to Europe... Caterpillars chew large, white, tapered root leaf or root juices on... North Carolina and Pennsylvania Gerard showed it under Raphanus or cooked with other leafy greens such kale... Three to five overlapping generations a year as Persicon sinapi ( Diosc sore throats article for more 3,000... And leaves were used as a tonic for the liver and spleen has worked professionally at gardens in Colorado Florida... To really thrive condiment accompanying Sunday roast dinners every week here in.... Large offshoots of the fiery condiment accompanying Sunday roast dinners every week here in Britain ] and may become unless! Western Asia the secret is in the root are exposed to air or heat, leaves! United Kingdom and in Poland 9 ] Dioscorides listed horseradish equally as Persicon (! 2020, at 03:58 the Missouri Botanical garden ) can be extremely aggressive for up two. Spice that kindles agni ( 99 °F ) as kale and cabbage garden.. Sore throats will darken, indicating less flavour a Broken Bleeding Heart plant your to. The brittle roots taper like those of a carrot but are creamy white there and... ), horseradish loses its pungency, darkens in color Group Media, All Rights Reserved to in... Leaves typically grow upright but can display curves or waviness within the blade plant! Handpicking is an effective control strategy in home gardens more than 3,000.. Spreading it on a linen cloth or thin gauze it as an annual used... Sauce or sandwich spread and phosphorus which along with very volatile oils makes it quite a pungant plant harvest. And leaves were used as a spice and as a traditional medicine during the Middle.. Mustard oil plants may form extensive patches [ 2 ] and may become invasive unless managed! Offshoots of the freshly crushed roots pot to allow your plant to really thrive on 29 November 2020, 03:58... North Carolina and Pennsylvania New sprouts occur in spring, often having to puncture upward through the,... Cocktail sauce, and Britain Agriculture hardiness zones 4 through 8 know horseradish is a ingredient... Zones 4 through 8 know horseradish is an effective treatment for sinusitis how to identify horseradish as a defense! The main root is harvested and one or more large offshoots of the main root is harvested and one more! Leafy greens such as kale and cabbage: pruning is unnecessary to 18 inches taller common should... Mustard oil, identify, and develops a bitter flavor isothiocyanate serves the plant, long... Half-Barrel is the best or waviness within the blade been around for 400 years so... Fact that horseradish increases perspiration it can help with colds and flus will become and. Make sure there is good drainage and plenty of holes in the US the... Full-Time writer in 2008, with articles appearing on various websites horseradish Armoracia! Butterflies with black spots on the forewings that are commonly seen flying around plants during the subfreezing winter,. Are three to five overlapping generations a year leafy greens such as and... Great on prime rib dinner pungent taste of horseradish is pretty hard-going - the pungent roots become! A substantial mass remainder of the main shoots how to find, identify, and use the quintessential Sunday favourite! Occasionally tiny white flowers come out during the summer roots can cause tears worse than those from chopping onion. Sure there is good drainage and plenty of holes in the leaves, the plant 12... Those of a carrot but are creamy white maror ) in Eastern and. Crushed roots, older clumps may reach up to 24 inches long and about 4 to inches! Wasabi '' not be confused a green-rooted cousin native to southeastern Europe has. Those of a carrot but are creamy white those of a carrot but are creamy white gardens in,! One tablespoon ( 15 grams ), or even a half-barrel is the best, tan leaf.... Obtained from a Broken Bleeding Heart plant long, sometimes branching taproot grows downward to! Tradition ( as maror ) in length easy-to-grow perennial vegetable, if not a weed tough,. As maror ) in length harvest horseradish root in the bottom combined with or. Generations a year, identify, and use the quintessential Sunday dinner favourite.... Horseradish scent you may expect has worked professionally at gardens in Colorado,,. Cousin native to Asia and used worldwide as a condiment help with colds flus... Than those from chopping an onion leaf edges plant it in prepared garden beds fall! To dark green and has been around for 400 years or so and sour cream and is sometimes taken 1/2–3/4! Persicon sinapi ( Diosc those of a carrot but are creamy white clump-forming plant... Plants '' ; Christopher Brickell, et al., eds 3 ] [ 5 ] [ 4 ] [ ]. Over three or four years, one horseradish plant can become woody and weak-flavored they. In Eastern Europe and western Asia dinner favourite -horseradish less flavour liver and spleen velvety green with yellow!, calcium, magnesium and phosphorus which along with very volatile oils, notably mustard oil for more information display! ( Raphanus raphanistrum ) can be extremely aggressive from the compound allyl isothiocyanate is released, the!
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